sorularında, klasik olarak bahsedilen ifadeler hep
paragrafı okuduktan sonra aklınızda oluşturduğunuz
şeyleri seçeneklere yansıtmanız olmuştur. Ancak
paragrafında aynı gramer sorularında olduğu gibi
kendine has kuralları vardır. Bunları şu başlıklar
Paragrafı okurken kelime grupları olarak zarf,
sıfat ve fiillere dikkat etmemiz gerekmektedir.
Çünkü bizden istenilen bu kelime grupların ya eş
anlamlısı olur, ya İngilizce anlamı olur ya da zıt
anlamlısının olumsuz hali olur.
Örnek: Non-fiction stories are concerned with real
events and characters.
What is included in the non-fiction stories is not
imaginary events and characters.
The main function of fictional works is to entertain
Fictional works aim at enabling readers to spend
their time joyously or pleasurably.
Unknown things arouse great interest in us.
We are interested in the things we are not familiar
Sınavlarda sorulan paragraf soruları, o soruları
yazan kişilere göre değişiklik gösterebilir.
Özellikle Ydssınavlarında yöneltilen
paragraf soruları bunu açıkça ortaya koymaktadır.
Dikkat edeceğimiz tek önemli unsur, cümleleri
okurken sadece cümleleri Türkçeye çevirmek değildir.
Öğrenciler sadece Türkçeye çevirmektedir ancak bu
cümleleri akıllarında yorumlamamaktadırlar. Yapmamız
gereken işlem çevirdiğimiz cümleye demek ki ya da
yani diyerek yorum yapmaktır. Çünkü bu soruları
yazarken öğretmen arkadaşlar da aynı şeyi
yapmaktadırlar. Örnek verecek olursak;
Both students and teachers can easily understand a
play without necessarily watching it being played.
One can understand from the passage that not only
the students but also the teachers dont have to
watch the performance of the play if they want to
Parçada verilen cümlede necessarily ifadesi bize
oyunları anlamak için illaki onların sahnelenirken
seyretmek zorunda olmadığımız çıkarımını
Diğer önemli bir hususta, öğrencilerin sürekli
kelime çalışması yapması gerekmektedir. Kelime
çalışması nedir? Okunulan her materyalde geçen zarf,
sıfat ve fiillerin sadece Türkçe anlamını ezberlemek
değil, bu kelimelerin bizi asıl nereye götürdüğüne
dikkat etmemiz gerekmektedir. Bu yüzden bir paragraf
defteri tutmakta fayda vardır. Bu defterde,
parçaları konularına göre ayırmamız gerekmektedir.
Örneğin, sanayi inkılabı ile alakalı parçayı
özetleyerek deftere yazılmalı ve arkasından bu
parçada geçen kelimelerin listesi yapılmalıdır. Bu
sayede kelimeler aklımızda dosyalama sistemiyle
kalacaktır ve aynı zamanda bu kelimeler ile ilgili
aklımızda cümle kalacaktır. Bir kelimeyi tek başına
Parçalarda verilen yüzdelik dilimler ve rakamsal
ifadeler de çok önemlidir. Türkçe paragraflarda
paragrafın tamamı ile ilgili sorular sorulurken biz
bir tek kelimeye göre soru sorabiliriz.
%75 more than half
%25 less than half
%10 little, only a little, few, only a few, almost
Dikkat edecek olursak genellikle bu yüzdelik
dilimler parçalarda verilir. Ve biz bunları
karşılarında yazan ifadelerle seçeneklerde veririz.
Örnek: In the community of Arabian ghettos, women
carry the 90 percentage of burden at home.
In Arabian ghettos, there are few things that men do
Bu cümlede erkekler olmamasına rağmen biz doğru
cevapta erkekleri veriyoruz çünkü evdeki
sorumluluğun yüzde 90 nını kadınlar yapıyorsa geriye
kalan yüzde 10 nunu da erkekler yapar çıkarımını
Sonuç olarak cümle üzerinde çıkarım çalışması
yapmak gerekmektedir. Aşağıdaki cümlelerde çıkarım
While walking along the river, he saw berries in the
water. He dived down for them, but was stunned when
he unexpectedly struck the bottom. There he lay for
quite a while, and when he recovered consciousness
and looked up, he saw the berries hanging on a tree
just above him.
1) As the writer of the paragraph implies (suggest)
that, One can infer (determine) from the passage
that, It can be easily inferred (suggested) from the
passage that the man couldn`t get the berries upon
the river because __________ .
A) the berries are at the bottom of the river.
B) the man was paralysed for having bombed his head
on the bottom of the river.
C) the man saw the berries reflected rather than
actually floating in the water.
D) he didn`t know how to swim in a river.
E) he didn`t understand whether the berries were
real or not.
2) A star very similar to the sun is one of the
nearest star to Earth. That star is Alpha Centauri,
just 4.3 light-years away. Other than our own Sun,
the nearest star to the Earth is a tiny red star,
not visible without a telescope, called Proxima
It can be inferred from this passage that
A) Proxima Centauri is similar to the Earths Sun.
B) Proxima Centauri is the furthest star to the
C) Alpha Centauri is invisible from the Earth.
D) Proxima Centauri is less than 4.3 light-years
from the Earth.
E) Proxima Centauri is larger than the star Alpha
3) A metal-worker of 3,000 years ago would recognize
virtually every step of the lost-wax process used to
cast titanium for jet engines.
A) Titanium has been forged for thousands of years.
B) The lost-wax method of casting is very old.
C) Metal working has changed very little in 3,000
4) When apple growers talk about new varieties of
apples, they dont mean something developed last
month, last year, or even in the last decade.
A) Apple growers havent developed any new varieties
in recent decades.
B) Some varieties of apples can be developed in a
short time, but others take a long time.
C) New varieties of apples take many years to
5) Blood cholesterol used to be thought of as a
problem only for adults.
A) Blood cholesterol is no longer a problem for
B) Only children have a problem with blood
C) Blood cholesterol affects both adults and
Aşağıdaki parçaları çözünüz.
With William Shakespeare, English drama reaches its
greatest heights. Despite many stories surrounding
him, facts about his life are few. He was born in
Stratford-on-Avon, where his birthplace has become
one of the most popular tourist attractions in
Britain. In 1582, he married Ann Hathaway, by whom
he had three children. Of the next ten years of his
life we know very little. For reasons unknown to us,
he set off for London to become an actor and try his
hand at play-writing. His attempts, apparently, were
successful enough, for in 1598 he is referred to as
one of Englands leading dramatists.
1) As is pointed out in the passage, William
A) obviously gained a great success in play-writing
as a result of his endeavours in London
B) departed from London in 1592 in order to try his
chance at play-writing
C) fell through his trials at play-writing in London
D) realised his ambition to become a successful
playwright but was not recognized by the critics
E) was exposed to many criticisms by the leading
dramatists in those days
2) One can easily understand from the passage that
A) the presence of Shakespeare helped
Stratford-on-Avon become the most popular tourist
B) Shakespeare couldnt take his place among pioneer
dramatists though he made many attempts
C) there are many rumours about Shakespeares life
and much is unknown about him
D) during the late 17th century, Shakespeare proved
to become the most popular dramatist
E) Shakespeare clearly got married more than once
during his life-span
3) Much of the passage is devoted to _______.
A) the reasons why Shakespeare chose London to try
his chance at play-writing
B) the period of English drama in the early 15th
C) how Stratford-on-Avon became a tourist attraction
D) the criteria Shakespeare took into consideration
while writing his plays
E) the biography of William Shakespeare and his
contribution to English drama
During the second half of the 18th century, the
stability of the Augustan Age was gradually lost in
a period of social change and growing unrest. The
Industrial Revolution was turning England from an
agricultural nation into an industrial one, and
large numbers of farm workers were forced to seek
employment in the new factories in the towns, which
often resulted in long hours and miserable working
conditions for those who were lucky enough to find a
job there and poverty and wretchedness for those who
were not. The period of industrialisation brought
wealth and prosperity to the country at large, but
the enthusiasm with which it was received by some
people was not shared by all.
4) It is clear from the passage that during the
transition from Augustan Age to Industrialisation
A) the farmers didnt have any trouble adapting to
the conditions of industrial age
B) both the employed and the unemployed suffered
from the disturbance in one form or another
C) a great majority of farmers were lucky to find a
job in the factories
D) the social unrest could be settled with the aid
of new factories
E) the rank of all the farmers was raised to a
5) It is suggested in the passage that between the
year 1750 and 1799 ________.
A) there happened an abrupt change in the social
B) all people were leading their lives by working in
the factories during the Augustan Age
C) the healthy system of the Augustan Age was spoilt
step by step because of the alterations in the
D) the farming-based system was available under the
E) many farmers were made redundant by the
authorities under the Industrial Age rule
6) The writer of the passage argues that _____.
A) the abundance of money made all the people
content in the Industrial Age
B) during the Augustan Age new factories were merely
erected in England
C) the amount of unemployment was highly low during
even early Industrial Age
D) not everybody was satisfied with the conditions
of Industrial Age
E) a large number of people were made redundant in
the late Industrial Age
It started out to be a simple exploratory operation.
Then, suddenly, the patients heart stopped. Her
brain waves started levelling off. The medical team
immediately began emergency treatment to try to
start the heart again. At last the chief surgeon
announced that the patient had died. Minutes later,
much to almost everyones amazement, the dead
patient came back to life. Her heart started, and
her brain waves began to assume normal patterns.
Later she told the doctors that she had been fully
aware of everything that had happened while dead.
She believed that she came back to life because she
wanted so badly to live longer. She said death was
not frightening, but she wasnt ready to go yet. The
experts admit that they have no satisfactory
explanations for these near-death experiences (NDE).
7) As it is pointed out in the passage, the
astonishment of the surgeons during the operation
A) was caused by the mere fact that the patients
heart stopped beating
B) is not an uncommon situation all over the world
C) is partly due to the revival of the patient
D) turned into the feeling that some miraculous hand
gave life to the dead patient
E) was still lasting even though ten years passed
after the date of the operation
8) One can easily understand from the passage that
only a few surgeons during the operation ________.
A) were able to explain satisfactorily how the
patient could turn back to life
B) believed that the patient really died
C) knew how to resurrect a dead body
D) carried on the operation after the chief surgeon
declared the death of the patient
E) did not get surprised by the fact that the
patient turned back to life from death
9) It is clear from the passage that the experts
A) do not have any explanations about the phenomenon
B) were all relieved when the patient informed that
death is not frightening
C) finally found out how to resurrect a dead person
after that operation
D) have some explanations about NDE that are not
based on a reasonable stem
E) all changed their prejudices about the phenomenon
Perhaps you think of Pinocchio's Blue Fairy, the
Good Witch of the West from The Wizard of Oz, or
Peter Pan's Tinkerbell when you imagine a fairy.
But in fact, fairies don't like to be seen by people
at all. These tiny creatures can appear and
disappear in the blink of an eye. You may never know
if you've seen one or not! But you can be sure of
one thing: there is a wealth of fascinating myth
about these little people who can vanish at will.
10) It is suggested in the passage that fairies
A) want to appear in the sight of people in Peter
B) enjoy being observed by people very much
C) have existed from the very beginning of the
D) are thought to be beneficial to human beings
thanks to Pinocchio's Blue Fairy
E) are notorious for causing the sleeping patterns
of people to be spoilt
11) The writer of the passage tries to assure us
A) what is told about the presence of fairies is a
B) there are many fallacies about fairies being
able to disappear whenever they want
C) there is a lot of information about fairies, all
of which can be regarded as accurate
D) the unique resource about the fairies is
available in The Wizard of Oz
E) fairies are known to be invaluable friends for
the human being
12) It is apparent from the passage that fairies
A) are striking creatures that move very slowly
B) are rather different from ghosts in that they
want to help people very much
C) never refuse to accept any offer coming from
D) are creatures that are too small to be noticed
E) have taken their places only in stories or films
The environment is something you are very familiar
with. It's everything that makes up our surroundings
and affects our ability to live on the earththe air
we breathe, the water that covers most of the
earth's surface, the plants and animals around us,
and much more. In recent years, scientists have been
carefully examining the ways that people affect the
environment. They have found that we are causing air
pollution, deforestation, acid rain, and other
problems that are dangerous both to the earth and to
ourselves. These days, when you hear people talk
about the environment, they are often referring to
the overall condition of our planet, or how healthy
13) As it is stated in the passage, such problems as
air pollution, deforestation and acid rain
A) constitute a jeopardy for not only the earth but
also the human beings
B) merely led to the extinction of some certain
C) prove how indifferent we have become to the
innovations made by the scientists
D) are the most important issues that scientists are
dealing with these days
E) have already deteriorated most of our environment
14) It is implied in the passage that when
influencing our environment, _________.
A) we only place a harmful impact on the freshness
B) we effect important strides in the general
condition of the earth
C) we also give harm to the plants and animals
D) we become responsible for the destruction of most
of the vegetation
E) fortunately, we do not induce much harm to other
things in it
15) This passage is mainly concerned with _________.
A) how the water is being polluted by the people
B) why some animal species have gone extinct
C) what people mean while talking about the
D) the known condition of air we inhale now
E) the general meaning of the word environment and
how it is affected
Basque language is the tongue of uncertain
relationship spoken by close to a million people,
most of whom live in North-East Spain and some of
whom reside in South-West France. The language has
eight dialects. Speakers of Basque are for the most
part bilingual, and there are many Basques who do
not speak the language. Basque is definitely not an
Indo-European tongue. Some scholars believe it is
descended from Aquitanian, which was spoken on the
Iberian Peninsula and in South Gaul in ancient
times. Other linguists think Basque is akin to the
Caucasian languages and suggest that its speakers
came from Asia Minor to Spain and Gaul c.2000 B.C.
16) On reading the passage, we can easily say that
A) Basque language is widely spoken by the people
living in France
B) there is no idea on the origin of Basque language
approved by all the scholars
C) the number of people speaking Basque language was
very high in the past
D) Aquitanian language is thought to have derived
from Basque language
E) people living in South-West France no longer use
the Basque language
17) It is clear from the passage that _________.
A) Caucasian languages are proved to be rather
different from Basque language
B) more than one million people speak Basque
language all over the world
C) Basque certainly takes the place in the group of
D) the eight dialects of Basque language are rather
different from one another
E) a majority of Basques do not use their native
18) One of the points made about the Basque language
is that ___________.
A) people speaking Basque language are cut off from
the world in terms of communication
B) people living in both North-East Spain and
South-West France dislike speaking Basque language
C) we know for certain that it does not originate
from Indo-European group
D) the origin of Basque natives is Spain and Gaul
E) the number of people who speak Aquitanian
language is almost one million
Its easy to understand how a bird can fly its
lightweight and has wings. But how does a huge
airplane get off the ground? The planes engine
pushes the plane forward. As it moves, air flowing
around the wings creates lift. The lift increases as
the plane gathers speed. The plane takes off once
theres enough lift to overtake gravity. When the
plane is in the air, thrust from the engines
incessantly pushes the plane forward.
19) The writer of the passage points out that
A) speed is the main factor in enabling a huge
airplane to fly
B) only the engine helps an airplane to take off
C) a airplane can take off even without speeding on
D) the flying of birds inspired the manufacturers to
produce an airplane
E) all the birds dont need to speed up while on the
20) According to the writer of the passage,
A) nobody has extensively analysed how a bird can
fly so far
B) how a big airplane can fly cannot be explained as
simply as how a bird can fly
C) the way a bird can fly is entirely similar to the
way an airplane can fly
D) how a huge airplane can fly is still a mystery
E) all bird species are not subject to the
phenomenon of gravity
21) It is clear from the passage that while in the
air, a plane __________.
A) constantly feeds on the force of its engine
B) does not benefit from its engine
C) makes use of its engine on and off
D) adjusts the power of its engine according to the
amount of clouds
E) glides with the help of wings after stopping its